Jean-Baptiste Joseph Fourier (c. 1768 - c. 1830) was a French mathematician and physicist noted for his investigations into
heat flow, and scientific advisor to Napoleon. He is also recognized for discovering that any periodic motion can be described
as a infinite series of trigonometric functions, now commonly known as the Fourier series. He is lesser known for the discovery
of the greenhouse effect, having determined that the temperature on Earth would in fact be lower if not for the insulating
properties of the atmosphere. Believing that heat also held healing properties, he met his fate by tripping down the stairs in
his house possibly while being wrapped up in a blanket.